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প্রশ্ন করেছেনঃ Benazir Ahmed | তারিখঃ 2014-01-06

প্রশ্ন নম্বরঃ
22

Two Question:

1) Is Kurbani wajib or Sunnah?

2) Is Witer(Biter Salah)wajib or Sunnh?

Please give reference.

উত্তরঃ

Bismillah was-Salatu was-Salamu Ala Rasulillah.

Kurbani

The scholars have differered as to Qurbani being wajib or sunnah. According to Imams Safi'i, Malik and one of the views of Ahmad it is a confirmed sunnah [Sunnah Mu'akkadah]. However according  Imam Abu Hanifah and one the Views of Ahmad it is Wajib and Imam Ibn Taimiyah agrees with this latter opinion.

They used the following proofs from the Qur'an and Sunnah:

Qur'an:

1 – Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):  

“Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)” [al-Kawthar 108:2] 

2 – Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Say (O Muhammad): Verily, my Salaah (prayer), my nusuk [sacrifice], my living, and my dying are for Allaah, the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists). He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims." [al-An’aam 6:162] 

The word nusuk (translated here as sacrifice) means sacrifice; this is the view of Sa’eed ibn Jubayr. And it was said that it means all acts of worship, including sacrifice, which is more comprehensive.  

3 – Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And for every nation We have appointed religious ceremonies, that they may mention the Name of Allaah over the beast of cattle that He has given them for food. And your Ilaah (God) is One Ilaah (God Allaah), so you must submit to Him Alone (in Islam). And (O Muhammad) give glad tidings to the Mukhbitoon [those who obey Allaah with humility and are humble from among the true believers of Islamic Monotheism]” [al-Hajj 22:34] 

In the Sunnah: 

1 – It was narrated in Saheeh al-Bukhaari (5558) and Saheeh Muslim (1966) that Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sacrificed two white rams speckled with black. He slaughtered them with his own hand, said ‘Allaahu akbar’ and put his foot on their necks.” 

2 – It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stayed in Madeenah for ten years, offering sacrifice (every year on Eid).” Narrated by Ahmad, 4935; al-Tirmidhi, 1507; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Mishkaat al-Masaabeeh, 1475. 

3 – It was narrated from ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) shared out sacrificial animals amongst his companions, and ‘Uqbah got a sheep that was six months old. He said, “O Messenger of Allaah, I got a sheep that is six months old.” He said, “Offer it as a sacrifice.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5547. 

4 – It was narrated from al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever offers a sacrifice after the prayer has completed his rituals (of Eid) and has followed the way of the Muslims.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5545. 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) offered sacrifices, as did his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them). And he said that sacrifice is the way of the Muslims. 

Hence the Muslims are unanimously agreed that it is prescribed in Islam.

Please refer to: http://islamqa.info/en/36432

Witr Salat

Witr salat is prescribed in our shari'ah. However, like Qur'bani the scholars also differed about the status of Witr Salah. Majority of the scholars are of the opinion that it is sunnah Mua'akkadah; but Imam Abu Hanifah considered it wajib.

The Ahnaf considered it wajib due to the fact that Allah's Messenger always performed it, commanded people to do it and cautioned them for not giving it up.

'Ali says: "The witr prayer is not required like your obligatory prayers, but the Prophet would perform the witr prayer and say: 'O you people [followers] of the Qur'an, perform the witr prayer, for Allah is one and He loves the witr.'" This is related by Ahmad, an-Nasa'i, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, at-Tirmizhi who calls it hasan, and al-Hakim who grades it sahih.

Those who disgreed with the Ahnaf they used the following:

Ahmad, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'i, and Ibn Majah record that Al-Mukhdaji [a person of the Kinana tribe] heard from one of the Ansar, nicknamed Abu Muhammad, that the witr prayer is obligatory. He went to 'Ibadah ibn as-Samit and mentioned to him what Abu Muhammad had said. 'Ibadah observed: "Abu Muhammad is mistaken for I heard the Messenger of Allah say: 'Five prayers are ordained by Allah for his slaves. Whoever fulfills them properly without any shortcoming, he will have a pact with Allah that He will admit him into paradise. Whoever does not do them, he will have no pact with Allah, and if He wills He may punish him and if He wills He may forgive him.'"

Also al-Bukhari and Muslim record from Talhah ibn 'Ubaidullah that the Prophet said: "Five prayers during the day and night have been prescribed by Allah." Hearing this a bedouin asked the Prophet: "Is there anything else upon me [in the way of prayer]?" The Prophet said: "No, unless you want to do more voluntarily."

Note about Wajib

At this point we need to bear in mind a matter from the Fiqhi schools. In all the schools of fiqh [madhahib] fard and wajib are taken to be the same thing. So these terms are used alternatively. However, in Hanafi school wajib is a special category of obligation that is used to describe an action's being necessary due to the emphasis given by the Prophet [SAAS]. Hence they created these category of actions to be necessary and a person becomes sinful for not performing them. However, denial of its obligation will not nullify the person's faith unlike the denial of the obligation of fard.

উত্তর দিয়েছেনঃ আবূসামীহাহ সিরাজুল ইসলাম / 2014-01-07



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