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প্রশ্ন করেছেনঃ Zahid Abdullah | তারিখঃ 2014-02-02

প্রশ্ন নম্বরঃ
179

Dear Concern,

Assalamualaikum !

Following your question and answer session I have found below statement:

মুসলিম পুরুষও কোন অমুসলিম মহিলাকে বিবাহ করতে পারে না। অবশ্য কিছু শর্তের সাথে কেবল ইয়াহুদী-খ্রিস্টান মহিলাকে বিবাহ করতে পারে।

Would you quote the source please ?

One of my senior friends actually challenged that its a jayef hadith though he couldnot share any reference eventhough I would like to share this with him with reference so that others who were in that discussion can know the truth and do no spread wrong words to others.

Thanks,

Zahid Abdullah

উত্তরঃ

Wa'Alaykum as-Salam wa-Rahmatullah!

A Muslim man can only marry chaste Muslim women and chaste women from among the people of the book [scripture] i.e. Jewish and Christian women. The proof is not from the hadith but from the Qur'an. In the Qur'an Allah has forbidden Muslim men to marry disbelieving women and Muslim women to marry disbelieving men. He [Subhanahu wa Ta'ala] says:

وَلاَ تَنكِحُواْ الْمُشْرِكَاتِ حَتَّى يُؤْمِنَّ وَلأَمَةٌ مُّؤْمِنَةٌ خَيْرٌ مِّن مُّشْرِكَةٍ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَتْكُمْ وَلاَ تُنكِحُواْ الْمُشِرِكِينَ حَتَّى يُؤْمِنُواْ وَلَعَبْدٌ مُّؤْمِنٌ خَيْرٌ مِّن مُّشْرِكٍ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَكُمْ أُوْلَـئِكَ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى النَّارِ وَاللّهُ يَدْعُوَ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَالْمَغْفِرَةِ بِإِذْنِهِ وَيُبَيِّنُ آيَاتِهِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ

"Do not marry unbelieving women (idolaters), until they believe: A slave woman who believes is better than an unbelieving woman, even though she allures you. Nor marry (your girls) to unbelievers until they believe: A male slave who believes is better than an unbeliever, even though he allures you. Unbelievers do (but) beckon you to the Fire. But Allah beckons by His Grace to the Garden (of bliss) and forgiveness, and makes His Signs clear to mankind: That they may celebrate His praise."  [2:221]

Allah allowed Muslim men to marry chaste women from among the Jews and Christians. He said:

الْيَوْمَ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ وَطَعَامُ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ حِلٌّ لَّكُمْ وَطَعَامُكُمْ حِلُّ لَّهُمْ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ إِذَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ وَلاَ مُتَّخِذِي أَخْدَانٍ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالإِيمَانِ فَقَدْ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُ وَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

" This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given the Scripture is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. And [lawful in marriage are] chaste women from among the believers and chaste women from among those who were given the Scripture before you, when you have given them their due compensation, desiring chastity, not unlawful sexual intercourse or taking [secret] lovers. And whoever denies the faith - his work has become worthless, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers." [5:5]

The condition is that the woman being married by a believer has to be Muhsanah. There are many meanings of this word. One is chaste [she guards her chastity - does not get involved in sexual promiscuity or illegal sexual intercourse]. Another meaning of it is that she is protected. So our ulama differed in undersatnding of her being protected.

The general understanding is that it is allowed for a Muslim man to marry a Jewish or Christian Women if she fulfills the condtions of being muhsanah.
Wa Allahu A'lamu - And Allah knows the best.

 

উত্তর দিয়েছেনঃ আবূসামীহাহ সিরাজুল ইসলাম / 2014-02-02



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